There was much discussion on Twitter about the concepts of using “final” and “private” in objects, and what exactly the best practices are. The conversation seemed to boil down to three distinct questions:
- Should an object be open for extension, and expose its internals for that purpose?
- Does exposure of those internals create a de facto contract with children for their behavior?
- Should software only be used as intended by its designers, or should it be modified, extended and changed by the end user to fit certain, specific goals?
A large number of people told me that they couldn’t make the February class of The Object-Oriented PHP Masterclass, and that they hoped I’d teach it again soon.
Well, if you’re one of those people, I have great news for you: the Object Oriented PHP Masterclass is back, and registration is open!
Let’s get right down to it: many managers worry about whether or not their employees would work or goof off if they were allowed to be remote. It’s a huge fear; it requires faith in your employees, since you can no longer see them or glance at their screen from time to time. Employees are expensive to have on board, so you’d rather they spend their time actually solving problems rather than playing Sudoku or watching Star Trek on Youtube.
And yet, there are dozens if not hundreds of companies that are partially, mostly or completely remote. From Automattic to Github, these companies have figured out how to get things done while partially to fully remote. And the good news is, so can you.
The biggest complaint people have about object-oriented design is where they put all the “glue code” that ties together a bunch of objects and makes them work well. For many, this place is the controller, but as I’ve covered before, most of this logic belongs in the model. In fact, the model should be where all business logic resides. And yet, it can still seem difficult to figure out precisely how to manage all of these behaviors in one place and still follow the best practices of object-oriented design and development.
But there is a way to accomplish this that won’t make you crazy. It’s accomplished by making use of “services” – bits of code that act as the “glue code” for all the different objects that have to operate.
My recent post on the reasons estimates suck generated some interesting questions about the management of client work, specifically related to client expectations and the “need” to offer an estimate of completion or cost to the client. Some of us are lucky enough to have internal clients to whom we can refuse to estimate; others are working with external paying clients who really want an answer to the question, “when will this be done?”
There are some ways that you can avoid offering estimates and still make your clients happy. The solution lies in figuring out precisely what question your client is asking when they ask “how long will this take?” Clients are asking this question usually for one of two reasons: because they have a business need that is unmet and they need this ASAP, or because they are trying to control cost.